Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Engish Language Learners Strategies

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Below are strategies posts related to English Language Learners.

An O&M instructor shows a boy how to hold a cane

Quick and Easy Communication Cards for Your Use with English Learners

Tips to create quick and easy cards for Orientation and Mobility or other lessons for English learners who are blind or visually impaired, including those who are deafblind
Page of Baggie Book with tree

Make Your Own Baggie Experience Book

Baggie Experience Books are a great way to help young children or learners with deafblindness or multiple disabilities to make the transition from real objects to beginning literacy.
Braille bilingual flash cards

Bilingual Braille Flash Cards

These bilingual braille flash cards enabled a parent who does not speak English to review the braille code with her 5-year-old daughter who is blind.
A teenage boy reading a page of braille

Maintaining Braille Skills Using a Daily Journal for an English Language Learner

Using a daily journal to help an English Language Learner (ELL) maintain braille skills through the summer
paper in Perkins brailler, scribbled braille interlined with large print words which reads, once upon a time there was a castle. One day a monster came

Braille is Reading and Writing: Language Experience

Example of braille writing lesson using language experience for young dual media learner who is also ESL or ELL (English Language Learner)
Picture of book with textured pictures and braille

“Can We Do Oreo Reading Now?” #1 Key Word Books

Create books for braille readers using key words of interest to them to provide motivation.
Velvet apple

Apple Book

This tactile book can help beginning readers to explore different textures and shapes
sunscreen, sunglasses, and a straw hat

Making Inferences

Activity ideas to teach students with visual impairments to make inferences
question cards reading 'why?' 'identify' and 'minerals'

Question Cards

This activity is designed to help students who are autistic, including those with visual impairments or multiple disabilities, to develop their critical thinking skills.
stuffed animal in a small basket


This activity uses real objects to work on positional concepts with children who are blind or visually impaired.
THERM in black letters on a white background with a thermometer attached to it

Greek and Latin Roots

Students can build their vocabularies and decoding skills by learning Greek and Latin roots. Tips for students who are blind or visually impaired