Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are strategies for all content areas.

the cover of a tactile book showing a picture of a girl wearing a winter coat and hat and the title Analelia Likes

Tactile Alphabet Book

By Kimberly Schildbach
A parent shares tips to make your own tactile books at home!
tactile features on a big clock with movable hands

Big Braille Clock to Support Understanding Elapsed Time

By Anna Ackley
This homemade braille clock is a concrete way for students with visual impairments to manipulate the clock to understand elapsed time.
Tactile graphic organizer

Our Version of the Tactile Graphic Organizer

By Deedra Finch
Tips to create a tactile graphic organizer using tangible symbols with students who are blind or visually impaired, including those with multiple disabilities
fidget cube

Fidget Cube

By Liz Eagan
This fidget cube gives students with self-injurious behaviors, such as picking at their fingers, something else to do with their hands.
two cards with tactile objects representing two activities

Object Symbols for Preschool Student

By Liz Eagan
Setting up an object symbol system with a preschool student with visual impairments and multiple disabilities
Count and match file folder game

Math Counting and Matching File Folder Activity

By SSummers
File folder game using real objects for beginning counting and matching with students who are blind or visually impaired
Tactile art station

Tactile Art Station

By Kimberly Schildbach
Tips to make art projects accessible using tactile symbols at home or at school.
Lazy Susan with braille labels

Spin and Move!

By Liamsmom
This game provides practice matching textures, objects, and braille words. Kids will enjoy reading braille labels and performing the action movements on the card!
Braille cell pizza twists

Braille Cell Pizza Twists

By laceyjo22
Making pizza twists is a fun way to incorporate the Expanded Core Curriculum with braille skills.
Sheperd's Pie

Functional Application of Reading and Use of Fractions: Making Shepherd's Pie

By PJ Durand
Functional application of fractions and reading to prepare Shepherd's Pie with students who are blind or visually impaired
Braille Bingo

Braille Bingo!

By Grace Gundel
Braille Bingo is a fun way for students to practice contractions and other braille skills to promote braille literacy.
100th day along with a collection of 100 things

Celebrating the 100th Day of School

By slftvi
Celebrate the 100th day of school with Kindergarten students with visual impairments, by practicing counting in this accessible math activity.
Nemo braille design

Braille Design of Nemo

By jrubino
Braille drawings help to promote braille literacy, while making practice fun and motivating!
A cookie sheet with pairs of items (socks, gloves, coins, buttons, etc.)

Can You Count in Twos?

By Kathryn Sedarati
This hands-on activity gives students who are blind or visually impaired practice counting by twos using real objects and tactile materials.
Blue and Yellow Lego Stax

Light-Up Stacking Blocks Work on Eye-Hand Coordination

By Liz Eagan
Light-up stacking blocks help students with visual impairments to work on eye-hand coordination.
two cartoon bugs, one named Obb and one named Bob

Obb and Bob Braille Practice with Nonsense Words

By Raquel Espina
This fun interactive game gives beginning braille readers practice recognizing nonsense and real words, which promotes decoding skills and reading comprehension.
a felt mouse and an empty cookie package on the cover of a book

"If You Give a Mouse a Cookie" Adaptation

By Tracy Fitch
Tactile adaptation of "If You Give a Mouse a Cookie" for braille readers.
Liam and heart book

Valentine's Day Fun for Children who are Blind and Their Siblings!

By Liamsmom
Here are some Valentine's Day activities to do with children who are blind or visually impaired and their siblings!
Picture of word cube with braille labels and braille word cards

Ready for Phonics - Making Words

By gillian703
Hands-on phonics activity for beginning braille readers and those who have additional disabilities
Pages in a pegboard book

Pegboard Books for Our Earliest Readers

By Charlotte Cushman
Pegboard books provide a way for young children who are blind or visually impaired, including those with multiple disabilities, to explore books and tactile materials.