Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are strategies for all content areas.

All About Me!

By Charlotte Cushman
Create an "All About Me" book using objects, textures, tactile symbols, print and braille for children with visual impairments & multiple disabities
Photo of two boys in a lesson with a male teacher

Chris Woodin Math Facts

By Charlotte Cushman
Tips for teaching math to students who have learning disabilities
logo for Tech Vision

Teaching Braille Reading Fluency.....Virtually

By Charlotte Cushman
People often wonder if it's possible to teach braille virtually and this video demonstrates how it can be done.
lands beyond collage

Lands Beyond

By Becky Hoffman
This game is an adaptation of Candyland, based on The Phantom Tollbooth, for students who are blind or visually impaired.
photo of the divided wheel and spinner arrow, with close-ups of print/braille

Wheel of Fortune Game

By RJSitten
This game gives students practice reading braille words. It could easily be adapted to an inclusive setting.
Items starting with the letter "b"

Alpha Boxes

By GayleFl
Fun hands-on activity for beginning braille readers to begin to pair initial letter sounds with the braille alphabet
Image of panda bear and turtle with books

Object Symbols for Choice Making

By GayleFl
In this activity, real objects are paired with object symbols to build an understanding of symbolic representation.
Photo of a veltex board with small stuffed animals and letter cards attached.

Using Real Objects to Reinforce Consonant Sounds

By Mary McCarthy
Activity to use real objects to reinforce consonant sounds with beginning braille readers
Logo for Braille Rap Song

Braille Rap Song

By Charlotte Cushman
Help braille students remember dot configurations with this fun Braille Rap Song!
Page from accessible power point book about making macaroni and cheese.

Let's Make Macaroni and Cheese

By Holly Cooper
This accessible powerpoint book offers step-by-step instructions to make macaroni and cheese; includes audio output and can be operated by a simple switch.
Modified page of The Garden with tactile flowers

Using Textures to Adapt Simple Books

By Mary McCarthy
Guidelines to adapt simple books for children who are blind or visually impaired
Weather chart in print and braille

Weather Chart

By Mary McCarthy
This braille weather chart gives students practice with sequencing and comparison, as well as developing an understanding of the weather.
Cover of Tactile Treasures from APH

Understanding Tactile Graphics: Tactile Treasures and Real Objects

By Mary McCarthy
Teaching students who are blind or visually impaired to make the transition from real objects to tactile graphics using the APH Tactile Treasures kit
Photo of Shapes & Sharing Picnic Basket

Shapes & Sharing Picnic Basket

By Mary McCarthy
Activity to motivate beginning readers in a play setting, using braille or print cards
Object box and word cards for Feely Meely game

Feely Meely: Game to Match Braille to Objects

By Mary McCarthy
Simple game for children who are blind or visually impaired to match braille or print word cards to objects
Photo of TackTiles


By Mary McCarthy
Beginning braille instruction using Tack-Tiles
Photo of What's Gnu? game

What's Gnu?

By Mary McCarthy
Activity for beginning braille readers using adaptation of What's Gnu?
Two hands read a page of braille.

How Far We’ve Come...Braille Materials for the Wilson Reading System Are On The Way!

By Charlotte Cushman
Podcast on the braille version of the Wilson Reading System
Teacher signs to student

Functional Vision and Learning Media Assessment Podcast

By Charlotte Cushman
Podcast on Functional Vision Assessment (FVA) and Learning Media Assessment (LMA)
Image of boy reading braille book.

Parents Learning Braille=Literacy For A Child

By Charlotte Cushman
Podcast about the importance of parents of children with visual impairments learning braille