Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are strategies for all content areas.

Weather chart in print and braille

Weather Chart

By Mary McCarthy
Cover of Tactile Treasures from APH

Tactile Treasures and Real Objects

By Mary McCarthy
Photo of Shapes & Sharing Picnic Basket

Shapes & Sharing Picnic Basket

By Mary McCarthy
Object box and word cards for Feely Meely game

Feely Meely: Game to Match Braille to Objects

By Mary McCarthy
Cover of Linking ASL and English

Linking ASL and English

By Jim D.
Photo of TackTiles


By Mary McCarthy
Beginning braille instruction using Tack-Tiles
Photo of What's Gnu? game

What's Gnu?

By Mary McCarthy
Activity for beginning braille readers using adaptation of What's Gnu?
Child writing signature with pencil

Signature Writing for a Braille Reader

By Charlotte Cushman
Image of series of ears, spelling out the word "listening"

Listening Skills

By Charlotte Cushman
Cover of Amber's Christmas Book

Creating Tactile Experience Books

By Charlotte Cushman
Girl is touching a book

Pre-Braille Skills from BrailleSC

By Charlotte Cushman
Teenage girl with fingers on computer keyboard

Reading Strategies for Students with Visual Impairments: A Classroom Teacher's Guide

By Charlotte Cushman
Two hands read a page of braille.

How Far We’ve Come...Braille Materials for the Wilson Reading System Are On The Way!

By Charlotte Cushman
Teacher signs to student

Functional Vision and Learning Media Assessment Podcast

By Charlotte Cushman
Image of boy reading braille book.

Parents Learning Braille=Literacy For A Child

By Charlotte Cushman

Tips for Making Print More Readable

By Charlotte Cushman

Adapting Environments for Individuals with Vision Loss

By Charlotte Cushman
Free video webcast about the design issues that should be considered for individuals with vision loss.

Cortical Vision Impairment

By Charlotte Cushman
Video series about CVI (cortical visual impairment) with strategies for assessment and intervention
Young boy with hearing aids and glasses looks at alphabet on iPad

Minimal Losses, Major Implications

By Charlotte Cushman
This article examines some of the implications of a mild visual impairment, as well as a minimal hearing loss in a typical classroom
Ear with hand cupped around it

Are You Listening?

By Charlotte Cushman
Auditory issues for children with visual impairments, including hearing loss, auditory skills, and strategies for developing listening skills