Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are strategies for all content areas.

Cover of key book

Creating a Book that Motivates Children with Additional Disabilities: Keys

By Liamsmom
Creating a book that motivates children who are blind with additional disabilities includes using real objects that a child is interested in such as those that make sounds or have interesting textures
Independence Day craft

Independence Day Craft Activity

By Liz Eagan
This Independence Day craft activity for the 4th of July for students who are blind or visually impaired teaches students about eagles, while practicing fine more skills and creating tactile graphics.
Tactile mosaic flag

Tactile Mosaic Flags for the 4th of July

By Liz Eagan
Tactile mosaic flags are a fun crafts project for the 4th of July for kids who are blind or visually impaired. Students can work on skills such as literacy, counting, matching, sorting, and patterns.
Side by side examples of no backlighting and backlighting

Backlighting AAC for Students with CVI

By Ellen Cadigan Mazel
Students with CVI (cortical visual impairment) may benefit from backlighting of AAC (Augmentative Alternative Communication) systems, as it can help them to facilitate visual attention.
Braille design of flying bird

Braille Design of a Bird

By Edith West
This braille drawing is a fun way to practice tactile discrimination skills, while promoting braille literacy.

Honoring the Summer Solstice: 10 Activity Ideas for Students Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired

By Charlotte Cushman
Fun hands-on learning activities for the summer solstice for children who are blind or visually impaired
3D shapes with braille labels

Developing Tactile Skills in Children with Vision Impairment

By John Chester
Tips on developing tactile skills in children who are blind or visually impaired using tactile graphs, tactile drawings, 3D shapes, and braille labels
Creative Play area set up for Three Little Pigs

Experiencing the Story: Expanding Creative Play Centers

By Liz Eagan
Setting up an experience area in the Creative Play center of preschool classrooms can help children who are blind or visually impaired or multiply disabled to develop a deeper understanding of stories
Accessible chess board with pieces

Making Chess Accessible To My Son Who Is Deafblind

By Liamsmom
My son, who is deafblind, is learning to play the game of chess using an accessible board. It's a fun way to practice braille literacy skills for kids who are blind or visually impaired.
Fingers in position to make dot configurations

FT2S2B: Finger Positions for Beginning Braille Users

By Anna C. Gayle
Tips to encourage proper finger positions to create braille dot formations, first on the table, then with a swing cell, and finally on a braillewriter.
Sight words "feast" and "store" presented with red bubble word approach

Teaching Sight Words to Children with CVI, Phase III

By Brenda Biernat
Tips from a parent to teach sight words to children with CVI (cortical visual impairment), Phase III, using bubble sight words, with word or letter shapes outlined in the child's preferred color.
Eye Spy certificate

Eye Spy VI Awards

By Liz Eagan
This is a simple way to express appreciation for teachers, therapists and others who go above and beyond in providing quality services to students who are blind, visually impaired or deafblind.
Title page for Grilled Chicken Braille Game

Grilled Chicken Braille Game

By Samantha Zauner
This game is designed to give students with low vision who are learning braille practice with the braille contractions: upon, word, these, those, whose, cannot, had, many, spirit, world and their.
Scan and read station

Make Your Own Portable Scan and Read Station

By Charlotte Cushman
Therese Wilkomm shares a video demonstration of a simple assistive technology device she has created, which enables people with visual impairments to scan & read documents using a portable stand & app
Collage of UEB Science signs for braille learners

Teaching UEB Science Signs to Braille Learners

By John Chester
Tips for teaching UEB Science signs to braille learners, including preparing technical materials for science lessons and helping learners understand.
Small plastic farm animals

Identifying Salient Features: Jasper and the Animals

By Brenda Biernat
Children with CVI (cortical visual impairment) often struggle to interpret with images that are visually complex. A parent shares her son's experience
Computer braille design

Braille Design of Computer

By Edith West
This Computer Braille Design is a fun project for braille users.
Tactile cane on page of book

Creating a Book for a Braille Reader with CVI: Max and His Cane

By Liamsmom
This simple braille book tells the story about an 8-year-old boy who loses his cane. The colored illustrations are appealing for children with CVI.
A student reads the braille on the tactile illustration of a tree.

Supporting Tactile Images with Real Experience and Concrete Materials

By Liz Eagan
Providing real experiences and concrete objects is a helpful first step in teaching students with visual impairments to interpret tactile images.
Cover of Ten Little Ladybugs

Building Literacy Around What Children Care About

By Ellen Cadigan Mazel
Using images of items that children with CVI (cortical visual impairment) are motivated by can help to motivate them and develop literacy skills.