Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

"The Little Old Lady Who Was Not Afraid of Anything": Accessible Ideas for Children with Multiple Disabilities

story box contents
As part of the graduate coursework for Visual Impairments and Multiple Disabilities in the Teacher Preparation Program in Visual Impairments at the University of Kentucky, students were asked to complete four projects: Story Box, Picture Communication Symbols for Story Box, Tactile Communication Symbols, and Talking Book Project.

We are sharing them on Paths to Literacy and hope that others will use them!  Please add your comments at the bottom of the page. This project is based on The Little Old Lady Who Was Not Afraid of Anything  by Linda Williams.


 

The book I chose for this assignment was The Little Old Lady Who Was Not Afraid of Anything, by author Linda Williams and illustrator Megan Lloyd. This book and activities are for comprehension and sequencing and should be done in the fall, close to Halloween. By implementing the lesson at this time the students would better understand the concepts in the story and get to enjoy the use of real pumpkins and scarecrows. I chose the symbols according to what the old lady was doing or who she was meeting in the story, and also to teach sequencing. What she was doing in the forest was gathering herbs and nuts. I would teach what a forest is, and note that commonly we call them woods. We would review what she met first, second, and so on. I also chose the emotion afraid (or scared) because this is how she felt by the time the story climaxed.
 
The students will have background knowledge of the clothing items, shirt, pants, and etc. They will also have some background of nuts, such as peanuts, but I wanted to introduce the nuts I found in my yard, such as acorns and hickory nuts.
 
I also wanted to build on the student’s knowledge, such as knowing that forest and woods are the same thing. Have they ever been to a forest or woods? Are they familiar with herbs? Do they know what some herbs smell like or what they are used for, such as cooking?  Do they know what a scarecrow is used for or how to make one?  Each symbol plays an important role in the story and so many other fun activities can be add, like making a scarecrow.
 
I would recommend this story for all students because it is fun for the reader and students because of its possible physical elements. This book is also a valuable teaching opportunity as it includes familiar items to build a student’s interest and possibly unfamiliar items that will excite the student’s curiosity. This story is very auditory based and can implement tactile objects exceptionally well. With the inclusion of audio and touch this story becomes very inclusive to students who are visually impaired, as well as to students with multiple disabilities. 
 

Story Box

This book worked out great for a story box because the tactile objects are realistic representations of the items that the old lady met in the book. To store the story box items I chose a basket, because the little old lady carries her basket in the forest to gather herbs and nuts. 
 
story box contents
  • Materials: A basket for storage and the aforementioned story connection.  The shoes, gloves, shirt, and pants are all familiar items that students wear and they are personified items in the story that chase the old lady.  I included straw and a small plastic pumpkin because they are used to make the scarecrow in the story.  The ribbon represents the old woman, the main character of the story, because she used a ribbon to secure her hat on her head. Nuts and herbs were chosen because of the previously mentioned story connection. 
  • Procedure: This story works great for P-5 grades, as it uses things students are familiar with and some things they are not, such as herbs.  This can be used in the fall near Halloween as a fun and spooky but not so scary story. It is repetitive and fun for the students to take part acting out the actions in the story, such as clomping and wiggling. It builds on their background knowledge of things they wear and has new vocabulary, such as herbs and scarecrow. 
 

Tactile Communication Symbols

The items I used are a pumpkin sticker with the texture of the exterior of a real pumpkin. The gloves are represented by tactile symbol boarda small piece of material that feels like gloves kids would wear.  The moon symbol is made of tactile paper with bumps because it reminds me of the craters on the moon. The straw is actual straw so the student can learn the texture and smell. The shoelace represents the shoes in the story because shoes have to be tied. The tree bark represents the forest so the student will know what a tree’s trunk will feel like. The nut represents the nuts that are found in the forest or in their yards. The herb is lavender. The lavender is not only to be felt, but smelled too. The shirt is represented by a piece of material from a dress shirt, so it is different feel from the gloves. The old lady is represented by a ribbon from her hat that she tied under her chin. The emotion scared is represented by little sticky pom-poms because it feels like the hairs on your arms standing up when you have goosebumps.
 
I chose these tactile communication symbols so the students can use their senses of touch and smell to go along with the story. You can let them clomp the shoes, wiggle the shirt, and shake the pants. You can also have the students smell the herbs, pumpkins, and straw for the scarecrow. I would use the sticky pom-poms at the climax of the story to show that the old lady is scared. I also used vinyl siding samples from Lowes and cut the tops to represent the categories from the tactile graphic kit.  
 

Picture Communication Symbols

I chose the picture symbols because students are familiar with these items which include clothes, a chair, a pumpkin, nuts, and a basket. I also chose a couple they may not be familiar with, such as herbs and a forest. In rural areas most people do not use the word "forest", but rather the term "woods".  ThereforeI would be introducing new vocabulary words. 
 
picture symbols board
 
Comprehension: Read the story to the student.  As the story is being read, hand the student the object that represents what the old woman did or who she met on that page.  When finished reading, ask the student some or all of these knowledge (recall) and comprehension questions.
  • Name some of the things the old woman met.
  • Why did the old woman go into the forest?
  • What did she gather in her basket?
  • How many characters are in the story?
  • Explain what happened when the old woman met something in the woods.
  • Do you think the old woman was scared?  Why?
  • What sounds did the old woman hear?
  • Where was the old woman going?
  • What do you think the old woman whispered in the pumpkin’s ear?
Finding objects: As the story is read, ask the student to find the object in the basket as the old woman walks along the path.
Sequencing: Ask the student to tell the story in order by getting one item at a time out of the basket.  The student must get the items out in order in which they were in the story.
Beginning, middle, end: Read the story to the student.  Ask the student to identify what part of the story is the beginning, what part is the middle, and what part is the end.
Building vocabulary: Have the students review new or unfamiliar vocabulary from the story.
 

Talking Book

title page of the powerpoint talking book

Collage of Old Lady Who Wasn't Afraid of Anything

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