Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Let's Play With The Six Dot Cell

sugar cubes to represent smaller braille cells
Marc Angelier, Teacher of the Visually Impaired
Marie Oddoux, Occupational Therapist
 
 
 
 
In April 2017, we were in Stockholm for the first Tactile Reading Conference and are sharing our presentation here.
 
 

Why a prebraille project?

Report: 

  • Young blind children are not well prepared for school. Regular French schools are not well prepared for blind children. 
  • Tactile books are rare and expensive.
  • Toys, games, and school activities need too much adaptation.
  • No special school curriculum
  • Regular class teachers don’t really know what to do with students who are blind. 
  • We only get to see the students once or twice a week, and of course it is not enough. 
 

OT & TVI Goals:

  • Increase desire for reading
  • Develop tactile and compensatory skills
  • Develop fine and gross motor skills
  • Develop cognitive skills
  • As a matter of fact: Prebraille Skills
 

French national preschool curriculum:

  • Preschool starts at 4 years old and lasts for 3 years
  • A new curriculum started in September 2016
  • A new way to introduce concepts using discovery, manipulation, sensory, body and language developments
 

Unique Collaborative Curriculum:

two boxes pointing to a circle with a question mark
 

347 GOALS

chart of 347 girls in french
 
4 categories:
  • Green: No particular adaptation
  • Blue: Not applicable
  • Orange: Literacy
  • Red: With the 6 Dots Cell Method 
 

“Let’s play with the 6 dots cell”

Who is this method for?

  • Adults in charge of blind children:
    • Parents
    • Day care staff
    • Regular teachers
    • Teachers of the visually impaired
    • Occupational therapists 
 

What’s in it?

Material aspect:

  • List of tools and materials
  • Manufacturing instructions
  • List of small equipment to carry out the proposed activities
 

Pedagogical aspect:

  • Pre-braille skills
  • Preschool and kindergarten skills
  • Activities
  • Evaluation form 
 

5 Categories: 

Decreasing size of the cell = Progression by age
Body Braille:
a student walking on six foam floor mats      using different parts of the body to represent braille cells
 
 
Large Cell:
student working with a teacher
 
Medium Cell:
medium cell
 
Small Cell:
sugar cubes for small cell
 
Regular Braille:
popsicle sticks
 
Peg Cell:
peg board braille
 

Adapted activities according to FNCP goals:

charts of adaptations
 

Examples of goals:

  • Place an element knowing its position and respect the direction of the course.
  • Use spatial expressions, especially those based on opposites: on / under, in / out, next to / away from …
  • Make a construction by having a reference model that the child can manipulate or observe. 
 
Using different materials and textures
a bin with pegs to create a braille cell
 
Using one or several cells
student using pegs to create braille cells
 
Using different spatial planes with a box, a wall…
box against a wall with braille cell pegs
 
Using various types of representation of cells: 3D, 2D, raised cell on paper
3d braille cell         3d braille cell materials        3D braille representations
 
 
Using writing and reading modes going from one to the other (swing cell)
two halfs of a block to represent a braille cell         braille cell broken in half         braille cell in two parts
 

Conclusion

Visually impaired child can do 95.4% of the preschool skills!
pie chart          bar graph
PBresults reach
Inclusion is facilitated! 
 

Thanks to:

In France:
  • Nathalie Lewi-Dumont and Michele Collat
In Canada:
  • Louis Comtois and Lise Semard (Fondation des Aveugles du Quebec)
  • Eve Bedard and Helene Berthiaume (Ecole Jacques-Ouellette)
  • Stephanie Desjardins (MAC-Mackay)
  • Maude Demers-Bonin (INLB)
  • Isabelle Grant (Commission scolaire des premieres-seigneuries)
  • Danielle Bouchard (IRDPQ)
In the USA:
  • Mary McCarthy (Perkins School for the Blind)
  • Karen Frank and Deb Nikkila (Maryland School for the Blind)
  • Jennifer Eaton (Vision Corps)
  • Sister Lisa, Christine Geiger, and Kathy Cleaver (St. Lucy Day School)
  • Mary Daubenspeck and Marianne Smith (CAIU)
  • Edie Goldman and Dawn Bridget (The New York Institute for Special Education)
  • Nancy Doyle (Lighthouse Guild)
  • Teresa Doan (Arkansas School for the Blind)
  • Suzette Wright, Dawn Wilkinson, Kathie Senft-Graves (APH)
  • Kathy Mullen (VIPS)
  • Cyral Miller, Laura Miller (Texas School for the Blind)
  • Marielena Rivas (TLC4Blind)
  • Fernanda Armenta-Schmitt (Blind Children’s Center)
  • The Braille Institute 
 
And a special thank you to Sue Dwyer. 
 

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