Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Research

Share Research

Do you have Research to share? Please Log-In or Sign-Up to post Research information!

Below are posts related to research.



A boy uses a Braille Note at his desk.

Implications of the National Early Literacy Panel for Early Braille Literacy

By Charlotte Cushman
Young boy with glasses looks at a picture book

Framework for Developing Evidence-Based Early Literacy Learning Practices

By Charlotte Cushman
Young child touches tactile book with adult guidance.

Expanding Understanding of Emergent Literacy: Empirical Support for a New Framework

By Charlotte Cushman
Elementary school age boy reads a braille book

The Effect of Consistent Structured Reading Instruction on High and Low Literacy Achievement in Young Children Who Are Blind

By Charlotte Cushman
Research on the effect of consistent structured reading instruction on high and low literacy achievement in young children who are blind
Cover of Report of the National Early Literacy Panel

Developing Early Literacy: Report of the National Early Literacy Panel

By Charlotte Cushman
Implications of instructional practices used with children & addresses issues of instructional practices for young children so that parents & teachers can better support emerging literacy skills
Teenage girl with handheld magnifier looks at cell phone

Literacy for Students with Low Vision: A Framework for Delivering Instruction

By Charlotte Cushman
This study identified the levels of direct and consultative instructional services needed for teaching literacy skills to students with low vision.
Two sets of hands reading braille books side by side

Could Specific Braille Reading Difficulties Result from Developmental Dyslexia?

By Charlotte Cushman
This article reviews the data on problems with braille reading and interprets them from the framework of the temporal–processing deficit theory of developmental dyslexia.
Two boys look at a book of picture symbols together.

A Survey on Literacy Instruction for Students with Multiple Disabilities

By Charlotte Cushman
This survey looks at literacy instruction with students with visual impairments and multiple disabilities.
Young child touches tactile book with adult guidance.

Tactile and Object Exploration Among Young Children with Visual Impairments

By Charlotte Cushman
This study examines the relationship between the exploration of tactile and objects with braille readiness with young children who are blind or visually impaired.
Girl with braids reads braille page while her teacher looks on.

Increasing Comprehension of Students with Significant Intellectual Disabilities and Visual Impairments during Shared Stories

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on listening comprehension during shared stories for two students with significant intellectual disabilities and visual impairments

Standards-based Instructional Strategies for English Language Learners with Disabilities

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on state standards for English Language Learners with disabilities

Multiculturalism and Students with Visual Impairments in New South Wales, Australia

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on multiculturalism and students with visual impairments

Knowledge of Basic Concepts of Young Students with Visual Impairments Who Are Monolingual or Bilingual

By Charlotte Cushman
Research article on the knowledge of basic concepts of young students with visual impairments who are monolingual or bilingual
Boy with glasses writes on a Braille Note.

Learning and Using Print and Braille: A Study of Dual-Media Learners

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on dual media learners (i.e. children who were learning or using print and braille simultaneously)
Boy with glasses writes on a Braille Note.

Research Study: Early Braille Education Vital

By Charlotte Cushman
Research on the importance of early instruction for braille users

The Use of Learning Media Assessments with Students Who Are Deaf-Blind

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on the use of Learning Media Assessments with students who are deafblind, (i.e. those who have a combined vision and hearing loss, or a dual sensory loss)

Unique Considerations for Assessing the Learning Media of Students Who Are Deaf-Blind

By Charlotte Cushman
Research article on considerations for the use of a Learning Media Assessment (LMA) with students who are deafblind
ABCD and pile of books

Teaching Children to Read

By Charlotte Cushman
Findings and determinations of the National Reading Panel on the research literature on teaching reading and the implications for instruction (not specific to visual impairment)
A girl reads a braille book.

Literacy for Students Who are Blind: A Framework for Delivery of Instruction

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study to explore the appropriate levels of instructional services to address the needs of students in braille literacy programs.

Forty Years of Literacy Research in Blindness and Visual Impairment

By Charlotte Cushman
This article outlines concerns about the quality of research currently being done in the field of literacy research in blindness and visual impairment

Pages