Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Research

Share Research

Do you have Research to share? Please Log-In or Sign-Up to post Research information!

Below are posts related to research.



Teenage girl with fingers on computer keyboard

Assessing Writing Software Tools for People with Vision Impairment, Learning Disability, and/or Low Literacy

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study evaluating five writing software tools designed for people with learning disabilities to determine their accessibility by & usefulness for people with visual impairment and low literacy
Girl with glasses uses an adapted keyboard and computer

Toward Positive Literacy Outcomes for Students with Significant Developmental Disabilities

By Charlotte Cushman
Study of literacy outcomes for students with significant multiple disabilities
A young boy watches attentively as adult signs to him.

The Role of the TVI in Literacy Instruction for Students who are Deafblind

By Charlotte Cushman
This article presents the major roles of the TVI in the instruction literacy skills with students who are deafblind.
Two boys look at a book of picture symbols together.

The NCDB Outcomes and Performance Indicators: Literacy

By Charlotte Cushman
Literature review looking at emergent literacy and students with significant multiple disabilities or deafblindness
A teenage boy uses a Braille Note.

Instruction of Keyboarding Skills: A Whole Language Approach to Teaching Functional Literacy Skills to Students who are Blind and Have Additional Disabilities

By Charlotte Cushman
This article describes an unconventional method to teach uncontracted braille reading and writing skills to students who are blind and have additional disabilities.

Low Vision Meta-Analysis

By Charlotte Cushman
Examination of the research evidence on low vision stimulation, development, and devices.
Girl uses an adapted keyboard to access a computer

Low Vision Affects the Reading Process Quantitatively But Not Qualitatively

By Charlotte Cushman
Comparison of the reading behavior of students with low vision to that of two groups of students with normal vision.
Boy uses handheld magnifier to read a line of print.

Literacy Skills of Children with Low Vision

By Charlotte Cushman
This study examines the literacy performance and development of children with low vision andlooks at the extent to which the performance of children with low vision differs from their sighted peers
A boy with glasses looks at a line of print with his teacher.

Literacy and Australians with Low Vision

By Charlotte Cushman
This paper presents research and reflections on literacy and low vision.
Young boy with glasses looks at a picture book

Framework for Developing Evidence-Based Early Literacy Learning Practices

By Charlotte Cushman
This paper includes a description of a framework for synthesizing research evidence on early literacy learning and using this information for developing evidence-based early literacy learning practice
Young child touches tactile book with adult guidance.

Expanding Understanding of Emergent Literacy: Empirical Support for a New Framework

By Charlotte Cushman
Emergent literacy in young children with visual impairments is examined using a conceptual framework using data from a field study of preschool classes for children with visual impairments.
Elementary school age boy reads a braille book

The Effect of Consistent Structured Reading Instruction on High and Low Literacy Achievement in Young Children Who Are Blind

By Charlotte Cushman
Research on the effect of consistent structured reading instruction on high and low literacy achievement in young children who are blind
Cover of Report of the National Early Literacy Panel

Developing Early Literacy: Report of the National Early Literacy Panel

By Charlotte Cushman
Implications of instructional practices used with children & addresses issues of instructional practices for young children so that parents & teachers can better support emerging literacy skills
Teenage girl with handheld magnifier looks at cell phone

Literacy for Students with Low Vision: A Framework for Delivering Instruction

By Charlotte Cushman
This study identified the levels of direct and consultative instructional services needed for teaching literacy skills to students with low vision.
Two sets of hands reading braille books side by side

Could Specific Braille Reading Difficulties Result from Developmental Dyslexia?

By Charlotte Cushman
This article reviews the data on problems with braille reading and interprets them from the framework of the temporal–processing deficit theory of developmental dyslexia.
Two boys look at a book of picture symbols together.

A Survey on Literacy Instruction for Students with Multiple Disabilities

By Charlotte Cushman
This survey looks at literacy instruction with students with visual impairments and multiple disabilities.
Young child touches tactile book with adult guidance.

Tactile and Object Exploration Among Young Children with Visual Impairments

By Charlotte Cushman
This study examines the relationship between the exploration of tactile and objects with braille readiness with young children who are blind or visually impaired.
Girl with braids reads braille page while her teacher looks on.

Increasing Comprehension of Students with Significant Intellectual Disabilities and Visual Impairments during Shared Stories

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on listening comprehension during shared stories for two students with significant intellectual disabilities and visual impairments

Standards-based Instructional Strategies for English Language Learners with Disabilities

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on state standards for English Language Learners with disabilities

Multiculturalism and Students with Visual Impairments in New South Wales, Australia

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on multiculturalism and students with visual impairments

Pages