Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are posts related to research.

Vibrating glove

Vibrating Glove May Help Users to Learn Braille

By Charlotte Cushman
This research study uses a vibrating glove to teach users braille.
Touching a 3-D representation in a book

Tactile Picture Books Project

By Charlotte Cushman
Researchers use 3-D printing to create tactile books for children who are blind
JVIB banner heading

Constant Time Delay and Braille Word Recognition

By Charlotte Cushman
Results of a research study on using constant time delay to teach braille word recognition with students with visual impairments and intellectual disabilities.
Cover of Journal of Experimental Psychology

Young Children and Tactile Images

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study comparing the recognition of different types of tactile images among young children who are blind.
TVIs AT proficiency

TVIs' AT Proficiency and Communities of Practice: Bridging tech innovations and classroom implementation

By @TVI_ting
This presentation discusses the proficiency of TVIs using Assistive Technology with students who are blind or visually impaired, and implications for the field.
Screen reader proficiency chart

Results of Screen Reader Survey

By Charlotte Cushman
Research results of a survey on the use of screen readers reveals changes since 2009.
Boy with image of brain

Study Reveals That Children with Autism May Have Difficulties Matching Sight and Sound

By Charlotte Cushman
New study on autism spectrum disorder examines the link between interpretation of sights and sounds
Sina Bahram

Research on Accessible Technology

By Charlotte Cushman
Research and development on accessible technology for people who are blind or visually impaired
Common Core Survey

Online Survey about Common Core

By Charlotte Cushman
Online survey for Common Core State Standards and accessibility for students who are blind or visually impaired
Cover of The Educator Braille Literacy issue

A Study of Braille Writing Skills Acquisition

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study comparing the use of a braille writer and slate and stylus in acquisition of braille writing skills
Girl reading braille

Research on NRMA

By Charlotte Cushman
Research on the National Reading Media Assessment (NRMA) for students who are blind or visually impaired
A boy reads braille

Touch and Learn: A Study of Visually Impaired Children and Tactile Graphics

By Charlotte Cushman
Research report on use of tactile graphics by children who are blind or visually impaired
WebAIM logo

Survey of Users with Low Vision

By Charlotte Cushman
Results of survey with people with low vision using assistive technology
Cover of Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

Reading Comprehension of Deaf Children with Cochlear Implants

By Charlotte Cushman
This research study compares the reading comprehension skills of deaf children with cochlear implants to deaf children without cochlear implants.
Boy sits next to man who is reading a book

Vision and Dyslexia Not Linked

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on the relationship between dyslexia and visual processing

A Case Study of Tack Tiles Literacy Instruction for a Student with Multiple Disabilities Including Congenital Blindness

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on the use of tack-tiles to teach braille to a student who is blind with additional disabilities
Girl working on a laptop

Schools Which Adopt Audio Textbook Services Outperform Others in State Assessments of Math Proficiency Among Students With IEPs.

By RJSitten
Research on students with disabilities using audio books shows that they have higher test scores in reading and math.
AEM logo

Audio-Supported Reading for Students Who are Blind or Visually Impaired

By Charlotte Cushman
Introduction to the use of audio-supported reading and its use with students who are blind or visually impaired
Image of colorful silhouettes of children's heads

What is Literacy? The Power of a Definition

By Charlotte Cushman
The authors base their literacy definition on the assumption that all individuals in need of extensive supports are capable of benefitting from literacy instruction.
Slide from powerpoint presentation

Applying the Results of the ABC Braille Study to Real-Life Teaching: One Teacher's Interpretation

By Charlotte Cushman
This presentation emphasizes the need for teachers of students with visual impairments to focus on the full range of reading processes when they are working with young braille readers.