Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



Modeling fluency
By Anna Swenson
Fluency, one of the five areas recognized by the National Reading Panel, is a goal for all beginning readers, whether they use print or braille. We recognize fluency when children read accurately at a normal rate of speed, observe punctuation marks, and use...



Five Little Monkeys pre-braille kit
By Diane Brauner
I have created a number of emerging literacy kits for TVIs to use to help young children to develop pre-braille skills. Each kit includes print/braille books with tactile pictures, real objects, activities, interactive concept alphabet book,extensive...



Girl with glasses uses AnimalWatch Vi Suite app on iPad
By PennyR
Did you know that a polar bear can smell a seal up to 1 mile away? I didn’t until I became the Project Director for AnimalWatch Vi Suite www.awvis.org at The University of Arizona. Jane Erin and I teamed up with Dr. Carole Beal, an educational...



Eating kiwi as co-writing
By Megan Mogan
by Megan Mogan, MS, CCC-SLP, Speech-Language Pathologist In my last post we talked about using van Dijk’s coactive movement strategies to establish meaningful and enjoyable topics for our early communicators. Next I want to share a pretty simple...



student using an iPad for communication
By fayegonzalez
Faye Gonzalez, TVI & COMS, 3-4-2013 It is more and more common for students to receive an iPad as their personal Communication Device.   The most common Communication apps are designed to provide a large vocabulary to non-verbal students....



Teddy Bear, book and story box items
By Jbrown
  This month we are learning about friendship and how to have fun with our friends.  We are reading two books in class and many of our activities are based upon the stories.  My students are learning how to participate in parallel and...



Big and little rings
By Liamsmom
Concept book: My 3-year-old son Liam, who is newly deaf/blind (lost his sight and hearing to Meningitis a year ago) is learning ASL and picking up on sign language very quickly.  The next set of books I wanted to make for my little...



Black and white next to color complex page
By Laurie Hudson
  My three-year-old student with Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI) has difficulty finding items unless they have solid, contrasting backgrounds.   I have been using the CVI Complexity Sequences Kit with him, written by Christine Roman and...



Materials for making Valentine's Day cards
By Katie Armstrong
These activities are designed to support fine motor skills, pre-literacy skills, math, and overall independence in the preschool children I teach.  I have been slowly but surely introducing more independent work activities into my classroom and try to...



Mitten matching activity
By Katie Armstrong
Is it Winter or is it Fall?  In Phoenix, Arizona it is hard to tell!  In my classroom it is Winter, however when you look at all the leaves under the tree on the playground you would think it was Fall!   Hot and Cold Here are a few ways that...



Co-Frosting
By Megan Mogan
Megan Mogan, MS, CCC-SLP, Speech-Language Pathologist I’m sure you are a little confused that this is a literacy post and I am stuffing frosting into my face next to a student in the photograph to the left.  Well, I promise you it’s a...



Shape book
By Liamsmom
My son became deafblind a year ago from Meningitis when he was 2 1/2 years old.  Before he became sick, one of his favorite things was to be read to and look at books.  I didn't want that to stop just because he lost his sight and...



Girl with glasses uses iPad
By fayegonzalez
The iPad can be a great tool to help kids with Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI).  Specific apps can be used to encourage visual attention and visual motor skills, whereas other apps can be used to help develop visual motor integration and fine motor...



Image of tennis ball with braille label
By Laurie Hudson
This activity is a way to make braille fun for emergent readers!   I have a collection of about 20 balls...all different sizes and shapes and textures and weights, including a tennis ball, a fuzzy ball, a football, a spiky ball, a bumpy ball, a koosh...



Shared reading of braille texts
By Megan Mogan
By Megan Mogan, Speech-Language Pathologist What is "Adapted Adapted Literacy"? Over the years, you may have noticed a shift in the population of students you serve as TVIs, Speech Therapists, Orientation and Mobility Specialists, etc. ...



Image of VO Starter app
By Marsha Bork
  By Marsha Bork, TVI VO Starter This is a free download and is a great starter for people that get an iPad or iPhone for the holidays! Description of App VO Starter is the first app to offer blind and visually impaired iOS users training on the...



Symbols for holiday songs
By Katie Armstrong
By Katie Armstrong, Preschool Teacher at the Foundation for Blind Children, Phoenix, Arizona (This blog post is a follow-up to Story Box Ideas for Holiday Stories) I teach in a preschool classroom for students with visual impairments, and love every second...



Holiday storybox
By Jbrown
by Jaime Brown and Katie Armstrong, Preschool Teachers at the Foundation for Blind Children, Phoenix, Arizona.  (Editor's note:  Jaime and Katie both teach children who are blind or visually impaired and Jaime's class includes children with...



An adult helps to hold a young child's hands in place to touch the braille
By Laurie Hudson
Laurie Hudson, the 2012 Braille Institute Braille Challenge Teacher of the Year, shares strategies for teaching braille to our youngest readers.  She believes that young children benefit from an approach to braille that is developmental, meaningful and...



iPad mounted on a slant board
By fayegonzalez
By Faye Gonzalez, TVI & COMS The iPad is an awesome tool for children with disabilities, including those with visual impairments as well as other multiple disabilities (MD/VI).  Now you have an iPad – but how do you and your kiddos get...



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