Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

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Struggling Readers

Tactile trees on page
Posted by Liz Eagan
Tactile books are a great way to foster the development of literacy skills with any child who is visually impaired, including children with other significant disabilities. These can be used at home for enjoyment, to support understanding and anticipation...



oreo reading book
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
We are so grateful to all of you in our online Community of Practice for sharing your ideas and support throughout the year!  While the latest blog post is emailed to you each week, there are many other posts throughout the week that you may have missed...



Using magnifier to read text
Posted by Marnee Loftin
In discussions of learning disabilities as well as struggling readers, adults often focus upon the academic difficulties that these students are experiencing. In some instances, the emotional and/or behavioral difficulties that often accompany academic...



Young girl dressed as Madeline book character
Posted by Laurie Hudson
In Brown Bear Part I, posted earlier on Paths to Literacy, I used a short video of a teaching segment to demonstrate what the concepts in my iBook, “Introducing Braille,” might look like for a struggling reader with multiple impairments.  ...



Two girls writing on paper
Posted by Marnee Loftin
Determining the presence of a specific learning disability is a complex process.  Most parents and Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments (TVIs) have a general idea of the procedure, but it is important to know several things about the process...



Tactile graphic organizer of pumpkin
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam is a first grader in a mainstream classroom and he happens to be deafblind.  I was inspired recently by a classroom letter that was sent home in his backpack.  The children were expected to write stories that had a beginning, middle,...



little girl with bow in her hair
Posted by Laurie Hudson
THE BIG PICTURE In my iBook “Introducing Braille,” I largely used videotaped examples of bright, enthusiastic young students to show ways to “Make It Fun,” “Make it Developmental,” and “Make It Meaningful...



A girl uses an abacus and a braille writer.
Posted by Marnee Loftin
Jonathan has been receiving educational services since the age of thirteen months.  His family has been an active participant in this process always ensuring that Jonathan has been surrounded by braille in his home and with books available for reading...



Student reading with teacher
Posted by Marnee Loftin
Marnee Loftin is a psychologist, who recently retired from Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired.  She is the author of Making Evaluations Meaningful and has presented widely about learning disabilities in students with visual...



Student looking at real objects in reading notebook
Posted by Roz Rowley
Mary McCarthy and Justine Rines are co-authors of this post. This is the third of three posts on the Wilson Reading System® and Struggling Braille Readers. See also Why We Love Using the Wilson Reading System® with Struggling Braille Readers...



Diego and teacher
Posted by Marnee Loftin
Parents and Teachers of the Visually Impaired (TVI) often have questions about struggling readers.  These are: How do reading skills develop in children? How does this development vary for children with visual impairment? How can...



Student doing Wilson Reading System drill
Posted by Mary McCarthy
Roz Rowley and Justine Rines are co-authors of this post. This is the second of three posts on the Wilson Reading System® and Struggling Braille Readers. See also Why We Love Using the Wilson Reading System® with Struggling Braille Readers ...



student using willson
Posted by Rinesj
Mary McCarthy and Roz Rowley are co-authors of this post.   This is the first of three posts on the Wilson Reading System® and Struggling Braille Readers. See also Implementing the Wilson Reading System with Braille Students ...



Ideas for Developing Functional Literacy Skills
Posted by Frank Mead
    I have been a teacher in the Secondary Program at the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts for more than 30 years, and I am retiring this spring. I was asked to share some of my thoughts and strategies on...



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