Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Home > Blog > Category

Multiple Disabilities

Tactile communication board
Posted by fayegonzalez
  In an earlier blog post, I discussed guidelines for Using a Picture Symbol System for Communication and Literacy.  In addition to the factors discussed in that post, another crucial consideration in designing a communication system for students...



A young boy puts toast into a toaster
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam (a happy, social, deaf-blind preschooler) has an intervener/interpreter that is with him at school.  Liam’s intervener and I wanted to create a conversation box that he could use at school.  We came up with an experience Liam...



Story box toy bar
Posted by Jbrown
Toy bars are a wonderful tool when teaching pre-literacy skills.  Object awareness and knowledge can be introduced and reinforced through toy bars. Students learn about the characteristics of items through all of their learning channels. They have...



woman holds baby in pool
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
Firstly I'd like to introduce myself:  my name is Charlotte and I am a single mother of two.  I have Scarlett, who is blind and three and a half, and Sonny, who is two and a half and fully sighted.  I run an online parents' support...



Personal identifier necklaces
Posted by Liamsmom
My 4 ½ year old, deaf-blind son Liam identifies both people he knows and people he meets by their identifiers.  For most people an identifier may be a ring, watch, bracelet, etc. that they always wear.  The more he knows a person, the more he...



A boy holds the outstretched hands of a girl in a wheelchair.
Posted by Megan Mogan
I had the absolute pleasure of being part of a Perkins eLearning workshop for the last 5 weeks, focusing on AAC strategies to use with students who are Visually Impaired and have additional disabilities.  I referred to this population of students as...



Collage of Montessori Activities for Tactual Learners
Posted by Katie Armstrong
Here is another resource for teachers and parents of young tactual learners! I am always thinking in the back of my mind about "literacy" ideas to share.  Yesterday I was taking time setting up my classroom, organizing some work, pondering who...



A young boy who is deafblind signs with his mother
Posted by Liamsmom
  My 4 year old, deafblind son Liam goes to gymnastics every Friday; a perfect opportunity for us to have a ‘go’ at making our first experience book together.                 What is an...



Abstract picture symbols
Posted by fayegonzalez
Many students who are blind or visually impaired with multiple disabilities (MDVI) use some kind of augmentative communication or symbol system.  While symbol systems can be the foundation of communication and literacy, it is essential to develop a...



Two young brothers explore books
Posted by Liamsmom
Create your own books and activities for the blind or deafblind child in your life!   Liam’s story A brief summary (very brief) of our Liam’s story:  When my son was 2 ½ years old, he became sick with meningitis, the end...



Ms. Katie, Ms. Katie Who Do You See?
Posted by Katie Armstrong
In a strategy posted by Charlotte called Labeling the Environment in an Accessible Format, she talked about texture symbols and object symbols. Name symbols are something that I have used in my preschool classroom for years!  This practice is an easy...



A young girl uses a braille writer
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
All of us at Paths to Literacy welcome you back to a new school year!  We hope that you had a relaxing summer and that you are rejuvenated and ready for a new year.  We look forward to sharing ideas and resources with you, and we hope that you will...



Frank John preparing backstage
Posted by Megan Mogan
About 3 years ago I found myself in the middle of what I thought was a routine Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team meeting for a high school student who also happened to be present at the table.  After a discussion of Eligibility categories and well into...



iOS accessibility
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
As teachers return to begin another school year, many people are wondering how to use iPads as an educational tool with children who are blind or visually impaired, including those who are deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.  This post...



Young child in a Little Room
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
When Dr. Lilli Nielsen died last month, the fields of blindness, deafblindness, and the education of children with multiple disabilities lost a great friend and teacher.  Dr. Nielsen was born in Denmark in 1926, and worked as a preschool teacher, a...



Plaques with textures and braille
Posted by Liamsmom
Liam's playground: Constantly evolving to encourage play, independence and most importantly fun for our deafblind son.    Description: We wanted to create a...



Confirmation activity
Posted by Megan Mogan
I live in Arizona and my mom lives in Illinois.  Last week I found myself ordering her Mother’s Day gift online. After typing my financial and personal information and checking the order twice, I hovered the cursor over the word PURCHASE. “...



Boy explores a storybox
Posted by Liamsmom
I adapted Goldilocks and the Three Bears for my 4-year-old son who is deaf-blind.   2 Bears: I wanted to create a story box for my son that was based off of a classic children's story.  My son is beginning to learn ASL.  I chose the...



Teenage boy signs while using brailler
Posted by SPerreault
By Steve Perreault The real purpose of this activity is to create motivation about braille for teenagers who are newly blind and congenitally deaf.   This approach uses  language experience stories written in contracted braille to give the...



Very Hungry Caterpillar story box
Posted by Jbrown
The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle is a classic loved by children and adults.  This is a great story for teaching many topics and concepts, including big/little, life cycle, colors and foods.  Teachers can adapt the story to meet varying...



Pages