Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

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Multiple Disabilities

little girl with bow in her hair
Posted by Laurie Hudson
THE BIG PICTURE In my iBook “Introducing Braille,” I largely used videotaped examples of bright, enthusiastic young students to show ways to “Make It Fun,” “Make it Developmental,” and “Make It Meaningful...



Collage of easy to create story box for students with visual impairment
Posted by Jbrown
Story boxes have been around for years.  When I taught Head Start they were called "prop boxes". As a Head Start teacher, I used my prop boxes to make the story more fun, engaging and interactive. When I became a TVI I realized that story...



Girl with her hand resting on teacher's hand
Posted by Liz Eagan
I have been asked repeatedly how I come up with goals and how I document progress or regression on them. Good questions! In coming up with goals, it all starts with some form of assessment. I don’t pull goals out of midair. Texas School for the Blind...



student with multicolored parachute
Posted by Jbrown
Typically when we think of pre-literacy activities, we think of increasing tactual and print awareness, object and letter identification, and book handling skills.  Learning literacy skills begins even before students learn to recognize and identify...



Student using tactile symbols with braille
Posted by Megan Mogan
Whether you are raring to go and have your materials all organized, or your vacation flight arrives home the night before your first day back, it’s time. Here are just a few things I like to remind myself this back-to-school time of year. ...



school supply labels
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam, who is deafblind, will be starting first grade in a couple of weeks in a mainstream classroom.  Last year, I bought all of Liam's supplies and labeled them myself.  This year I wanted Liam to be part of the process. And of course I...



Pages of accessible book showing a toothbrush
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam attends a mainstream public school. He just finished Kindergarten last year, where he would get these little mini-books that his classmates were reading. I have taken some of them and modified them so that they would be accessible for Liam, as...



bird nest page with braille
Posted by Liamsmom
I wanted to create some "science" books for my son Liam (he just turned 6 years old and is deafblind) for him to use for the next school year.  I looked up first grade standards and noticed a focus on animals and their habitats, life cycles,...



Girl using an object based communication system
Posted by fayegonzalez
Part 2:  Using a Partial-Object Based Communication System for Literacy The majority of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) systems available today use visually based symbols.  Often, however, students with Multiple...



iep goals collage
Posted by Liamsmom
Phew.  My son Liam's IEP meeting and IEP are now complete and we have a fresh set of goals for the next school year!  IEP season is a mixture of feelings: determination, expectations, excitement and exhaustion!  I love the working with...



The layout of the micro tactile symbols and the line of braille x’s that separate them
Posted by Megan Mogan
I used to be that therapist.  The one who threw around the words “self-stimulatory behaviors” and “idiosyncratic language” all of the time.  The one who described her students as engaging in silly sounds, strange...



fire safety kit
Posted by Lisa Pruner
This post is by Lisa Pruner and Catherine Summ. Overview For children with vision impairments, fire safety and awareness are often literally out of reach, placing them at increased risk in the event of a fire Smoke detectors,...



scarlett
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
Scarlett is a great communicator, and the lack of spoken word does not stop her from expressing what she wants! Whether she evokes an emotion or leads you to a certain place, she knows how to get your attention.   Despite this I am desperate...



Student looks at pictures in a book.
Posted by fayegonzalez
Part 1:  Partial-Object Symbols are MORE than Just a Schedule:   Communication Systems for Students with CVI and Multiple Disabilities The majority of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) systems available today use visually-...



Switch for "hi"
Posted by Jbrown
Circle times in early childhood classrooms (preschool and early elementary) frequently follow the same format.  Students have an opportunity to say hello, participate in attendance, review the calendar, sing a couple of songs, and read a story. There...



Children's drawings of faces
Posted by Debra Goodsir
By Debra Goodsir Vision Support Teacher, New South Wales, Australia   The development of vocabulary and an understanding of the patterns of language are essential parts in the development of literacy. "10 Minutes With" is a...



alphabet chart
Posted by Megan Mogan
Looking back on my own early reading and writing experiences, I have a very clear memory of my first-grade classroom’s beautiful alphabet chart hanging over the windows of our classroom. I even remember the long wooden pointer the teacher used to...



Student reaches for materials
Posted by fayegonzalez
Those of you who know me understand how passionate I am about children with Multiple AND Visual Disabilities.  Here are my personal “Top 10 Tips” to guide in helping these special children grow and develop new skills for independence....



Top 10 collage
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
The end of the year is always a time to look back on highlights of the year and this year we thought it would be fun to share our "Top Ten" list too!   Our top posts for 2014 cover a range of tips and ideas for promoting literacy skills among...



christmas tree book collage
Posted by Liamsmom
We have made it a tradition that my son Liam (who is deafblind) and his little brother Finn, each get to decorate their own small Christmas tree.  Every year, I introduce new items they get to add to their tree. We decorate our tree in this order:...



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