Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

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Multiple Disabilities

oreo reading book
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
We are so grateful to all of you in our online Community of Practice for sharing your ideas and support throughout the year!  While the latest blog post is emailed to you each week, there are many other posts throughout the week that you may have missed...



Mother reading with two sons
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
  The shopping is done and the presents are wrapped.  The next thing to do is to put away the lists and make time to read aloud with your family.  This is something that can be enjoyed by everyone at any age and can include songs, poems,...



Young girl dressed as Madeline book character
Posted by Laurie Hudson
In Brown Bear Part I, posted earlier on Paths to Literacy, I used a short video of a teaching segment to demonstrate what the concepts in my iBook, “Introducing Braille,” might look like for a struggling reader with multiple impairments.  ...



Red ball on black background
Posted by Jbrown
After students with CVI (Cortical Visual Impairment) have learned to view and identify real objects, they are ready to learn to identify two-dimensional pictures.  It is essential to recognize the differences in a student’s visual skill set before...



Tactile graphic organizer of pumpkin
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam is a first grader in a mainstream classroom and he happens to be deafblind.  I was inspired recently by a classroom letter that was sent home in his backpack.  The children were expected to write stories that had a beginning, middle,...



little girl with bow in her hair
Posted by Laurie Hudson
THE BIG PICTURE In my iBook “Introducing Braille,” I largely used videotaped examples of bright, enthusiastic young students to show ways to “Make It Fun,” “Make it Developmental,” and “Make It Meaningful...



Collage of easy to create story box for students with visual impairment
Posted by Jbrown
Story boxes have been around for years.  When I taught Head Start they were called "prop boxes". As a Head Start teacher, I used my prop boxes to make the story more fun, engaging and interactive. When I became a TVI I realized that story...



Girl with her hand resting on teacher's hand
Posted by Liz Eagan
I have been asked repeatedly how I come up with goals and how I document progress or regression on them. Good questions! In coming up with goals, it all starts with some form of assessment. I don’t pull goals out of midair. Texas School for the Blind...



student with multicolored parachute
Posted by Jbrown
Typically when we think of pre-literacy activities, we think of increasing tactual and print awareness, object and letter identification, and book handling skills.  Learning literacy skills begins even before students learn to recognize and identify...



Student using tactile symbols with braille
Posted by Megan Mogan
Whether you are raring to go and have your materials all organized, or your vacation flight arrives home the night before your first day back, it’s time. Here are just a few things I like to remind myself this back-to-school time of year. ...



school supply labels
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam, who is deafblind, will be starting first grade in a couple of weeks in a mainstream classroom.  Last year, I bought all of Liam's supplies and labeled them myself.  This year I wanted Liam to be part of the process. And of course I...



Pages of accessible book showing a toothbrush
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam attends a mainstream public school. He just finished Kindergarten last year, where he would get these little mini-books that his classmates were reading. I have taken some of them and modified them so that they would be accessible for Liam, as...



bird nest page with braille
Posted by Liamsmom
I wanted to create some "science" books for my son Liam (he just turned 6 years old and is deafblind) for him to use for the next school year.  I looked up first grade standards and noticed a focus on animals and their habitats, life cycles,...



Girl using an object based communication system
Posted by fayegonzalez
Part 2:  Using a Partial-Object Based Communication System for Literacy The majority of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) systems available today use visually based symbols.  Often, however, students with Multiple...



iep goals collage
Posted by Liamsmom
Phew.  My son Liam's IEP meeting and IEP are now complete and we have a fresh set of goals for the next school year!  IEP season is a mixture of feelings: determination, expectations, excitement and exhaustion!  I love the working with...



The layout of the micro tactile symbols and the line of braille x’s that separate them
Posted by Megan Mogan
I used to be that therapist.  The one who threw around the words “self-stimulatory behaviors” and “idiosyncratic language” all of the time.  The one who described her students as engaging in silly sounds, strange...



fire safety kit
Posted by Lisa Pruner
This post is by Lisa Pruner and Catherine Summ. Overview For children with vision impairments, fire safety and awareness are often literally out of reach, placing them at increased risk in the event of a fire Smoke detectors,...



scarlett
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
Scarlett is a great communicator, and the lack of spoken word does not stop her from expressing what she wants! Whether she evokes an emotion or leads you to a certain place, she knows how to get your attention.   Despite this I am desperate...



Student looks at pictures in a book.
Posted by fayegonzalez
Part 1:  Partial-Object Symbols are MORE than Just a Schedule:   Communication Systems for Students with CVI and Multiple Disabilities The majority of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) systems available today use visually-...



Switch for "hi"
Posted by Jbrown
Circle times in early childhood classrooms (preschool and early elementary) frequently follow the same format.  Students have an opportunity to say hello, participate in attendance, review the calendar, sing a couple of songs, and read a story. There...



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