Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

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Emergent Literacy

homemade books
Posted by Liamsmom
Enlist the help of friends and family to make these tactile books!   The purpose of these books is to... create appropriate books, at Liam’s level, that he can read and enjoy independently.  be used in...



tactile math ideas collage
Posted by gwyn52
Children who are blind or visually impaired, including those who have additional disabilities or deafblindness, benefit from lots of hands-on exploration of real objects from the natural environment.  Exploration of various household items can help to...



scribble on paper
Posted by Liamsmom
When I was first introduced to the idea of "scribbling" for my son Liam who is deafblind, I remember thinking, “Scribbling doesn’t really make sense for my son since he can’t see what he is scribbling”. Well, I came to...



Job charts collage
Posted by Katie Armstrong
Recently a friend from college, Kitty Greeley, was observing in my classroom for research she is doing as part of her doctoral degree at Florida State University.  After her observations were complete, we spent some time chatting about what she observed...



girl holding a stuffed kitten
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
Adaptations for a child who has a combined vision and hearing loss will depend on many factors, such as the amount of vision and hearing the child has, age, cognitive abilities, motor skills, and personal interests.  This post is the first of four parts...



A young girl jumping on a trampoline
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
I have previously mentioned in my blogs about my daughter’s disdain of handling and exploring items unless they vibrate or sing! Counting for Scarlett has never been a problem as many musical toys incorporate the number sequence, which she can...



Toys for Pre-Braille Development
Posted by KimAvila
This post is a continuation of my earlier post: http://www.pathstoliteracy.org/braille-babies  This post focuses on developing hand and finger strength for using a braille writer, as well as on issues and concerns voiced by parents of children with...



Braille Babies
Posted by KimAvila
This is the first of two parts. Read Part 2: Braille Babies: Toys to Promote Pre-Braille Skills   Braille Babies was designed after several years of implementing creative methods for teaching braille to young children and their...



mother showing child birthday book
Posted by Liamsmom
Our Liam turned 5 last week and his little brother Finn turned 2 the week before. Liam and Finn celebrated their birthdays together with family and friends by having a birthday party at our house.  For those of you who don't already know, my son...



mystic storykit
Posted by Cindy Reed-Brown
Like most TVIs, the preschool Education Consultants at CT Services for the Blind have been using “storyboxes” for many years with our students. Also, like most TVIs, we’ve tried to provide a variety of social activities for our young...



young girl combing her hair
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
Without reliable access to clear visual information, children who are visually impaired must rely on additional modes of learning, such as through touch and auditory information. So what do you do with a child who will only sing and is reluctant to explore...



Collage for selecting iPad apps
Posted by Linda Mamer
  Making decisions about which applications (apps) for iPads are the most suitable for specific students involves a number of different steps.  This article looks at: Considerations for iPad App Selection How to Choose an...



Classroom shelf
Posted by Katie Armstrong
Recently I submitted a post called Montessori Activities to Promote Pre-Literacy Skills for Tactual Learners. This post was about fun Montessori activities, how to get started creating a few activities, and how they reinforce beginning braille readiness...



A young boy puts toast into a toaster
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam (a happy, social, deaf-blind preschooler) has an intervener/interpreter that is with him at school.  Liam’s intervener and I wanted to create a conversation box that he could use at school.  We came up with an experience Liam...



Story box toy bar
Posted by Jbrown
Toy bars are a wonderful tool when teaching pre-literacy skills.  Object awareness and knowledge can be introduced and reinforced through toy bars. Students learn about the characteristics of items through all of their learning channels. They have...



Itsy Bitsy Spider
Posted by Diane Brauner
Theme:   Itsy Bitsy Spider is a Circle Time Braille Kit that focuses on the letter "s", spiders, weather and counting to 8. This kit is designed to be used together with the Letter "S" Interactive Braille Book, which is found...



woman holds baby in pool
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
Firstly I'd like to introduce myself:  my name is Charlotte and I am a single mother of two.  I have Scarlett, who is blind and three and a half, and Sonny, who is two and a half and fully sighted.  I run an online parents' support...



Collage of Montessori Activities for Tactual Learners
Posted by Katie Armstrong
Here is another resource for teachers and parents of young tactual learners! I am always thinking in the back of my mind about "literacy" ideas to share.  Yesterday I was taking time setting up my classroom, organizing some work, pondering who...



A young boy who is deafblind signs with his mother
Posted by Liamsmom
  My 4 year old, deafblind son Liam goes to gymnastics every Friday; a perfect opportunity for us to have a ‘go’ at making our first experience book together.                 What is an...



Father reading with young son
Posted by Bess Dennison
By Elizabeth Dennison Shared storybook reading with caregivers is one of the first and most important book experiences of children with visual impairments. It can be a wonderful way for parents or caregivers to enjoy an activity together, while also helping...



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