Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

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Emergent Literacy

Caterpillar and strawberry Images on black background
Posted by Tracy Fitch
Introduction: For my Cortical Visual Impairment mentor training we were assigned to adapt a book for all three phases of CVI. I chose The Very Hungry Caterpillar because I have several classes reading this book through the end of the school year. I...



Portable communication choice board
Posted by gwyn52
Are you a teacher of students with visual impairments thinking about what belongs in your "toolbox" for the new school year?  Or perhaps you're a parent wondering what materials to use during the summer holidays with your child who is blind...



Happy Birthday page
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam just turned 7 and we celebrated his birthday at our home with family and friends from school. Liam happens to be deafblind and attends first grade in a mainstream setting.  I wanted Liam's birthday party to be accessible and include...



Girl with her hand in a tub of water
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
As I have discussed previously in other blog posts my daughter Scarlett is a massive lover of music.  My mini maestro is literally music mad and, although it is great to see such a burning passion in that area, it is also very important to develop a...



Police Literacy Skills Kit
Posted by catherinesumm
By Lisa Pruner and Catherine Summ Education Consultants, CT DORS- Bureau of Education and Services for the Blind   Overview: Officer Buckle and Gloria share everyday safety tips in ways which are engaging and funny for young...



Here are my hands for catching and throwing
Posted by Holly Cooper
By Holly Cooper, Ph.D., Early Childhood Specialist, Texas Deafblind Project, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired    Approaches to Literacy Experiences for Infants When should braille be introduced in books?...



Hands reading braille fork label on silverware drawer
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam is 6 years old (almost 7!!) and he is deafblind.  He enjoys helping me around the house.  One of his chores is to unload the dishwasher (see Accessible Job Chart for the Home).  When he first started helping with this, he...



Two children using tactile sign language
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam has a good friend from school named Bella. They are in the same first grade class, where Liam is fully included. (Liam is deafblind and Bella has typical vision and hearing.)  We love it when she gets to come over to our house to play!...



Bucket of materials for Frozen activity
Posted by gwyn52
Creating a holistic approach based on a theme or story enables children who are visually impaired to access and enjoy literacy and numeracy activities in a meaningful way.    The film "Frozen" has been tremendously popular...



Candy cane, pinecone, pine needles
Posted by Jbrown
Students benefit from participating in a wide variety of different experiences.  When they engage in an “experience” they are immersed in a rich learning environment.  Students can have experiences within the classroom, outside, on a...



Sentence strips using standardized symbols
Posted by Linda Hagood
Introduction to Standard Tactile Symbols The Developmental Model Standardization: Moving from Concrete Tangible Symbols to More Abstract Tactile Symbols The System is Sustained Continuum of Symbol Systems...



Tactile symbol system
Posted by Megan Mogan
Let’s start with the good news. You have emerging readers with Visual Impairment who have learned the meaning of tactile name symbols for people in their lives.  The bad news? You are considering crossing that skill off your list of “Things...



Posted by Liamsmom
Last year my son started all-day Kindergarten  in a public mainstream classroom.  I was (and still am) a huge advocate for inclusion for my son Liam who is deafblind.   One of my biggest hopes and goals for inclusion was all about the "...



Tactile trees on page
Posted by Liz Eagan
Tactile books are a great way to foster the development of literacy skills with any child who is visually impaired, including children with other significant disabilities. These can be used at home for enjoyment, to support understanding and anticipation...



oreo reading book
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
We are so grateful to all of you in our online Community of Practice for sharing your ideas and support throughout the year!  While the latest blog post is emailed to you each week, there are many other posts throughout the week that you may have missed...



Mother reading with two sons
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
  The shopping is done and the presents are wrapped.  The next thing to do is to put away the lists and make time to read aloud with your family.  This is something that can be enjoyed by everyone at any age and can include songs, poems,...



Young girl dressed as Madeline book character
Posted by Laurie Hudson
In Brown Bear Part I, posted earlier on Paths to Literacy, I used a short video of a teaching segment to demonstrate what the concepts in my iBook, “Introducing Braille,” might look like for a struggling reader with multiple impairments.  ...



Red ball on black background
Posted by Jbrown
After students with CVI (Cortical Visual Impairment) have learned to view and identify real objects, they are ready to learn to identify two-dimensional pictures.  It is essential to recognize the differences in a student’s visual skill set before...



Tactile graphic organizer of pumpkin
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam is a first grader in a mainstream classroom and he happens to be deafblind.  I was inspired recently by a classroom letter that was sent home in his backpack.  The children were expected to write stories that had a beginning, middle,...



little girl with bow in her hair
Posted by Laurie Hudson
THE BIG PICTURE In my iBook “Introducing Braille,” I largely used videotaped examples of bright, enthusiastic young students to show ways to “Make It Fun,” “Make it Developmental,” and “Make It Meaningful...



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