Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Home > Blog > Category


Ms. Katie, Ms. Katie Who Do You See?
Posted by Katie Armstrong
In a strategy posted by Charlotte called Labeling the Environment in an Accessible Format, she talked about texture symbols and object symbols. Name symbols are something that I have used in my preschool classroom for years!  This practice is an easy...

Job chart
Posted by Laurie Hudson
Introduction: Early elementary school classrooms typically post Job Charts.  These are lists of classroom responsibilities that students rotate through weekly.  Common jobs include “Plant Waterer,” “Line Leader,” “Door...

Girl reading braille book
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
TVI Ann Edie shares ideas for how to help students to maintain braille skills during summer break. 1. Go to students' homes or whatever summer school or day camp programs they are involved in to deliver TVI services over the summer. 2. Match the...

Learning how to put paper in braille writer
Posted by PennyR
I am often asked for information about how to support the development of braille skills and braille literacy at home and I put together a packet for a conference a few years ago with some of my favorite resources.  The packet, which can be downloaded...

A teenage boy uses a braille notetaker.
Posted by Anna Swenson
  By Anne Spitz, Teacher of the Visually Impaired, Dover, MA Anna Swenson, Braille Literacy Consultant, Fairfax, VA The ideas in this post grew out of a workshop in Connecticut on Braille Literacy Skills and are posted in their complete form in the...

Teenage boy signs while using brailler
Posted by SPerreault
By Steve Perreault The real purpose of this activity is to create motivation about braille for teenagers who are newly blind and congenitally deaf.   This approach uses  language experience stories written in contracted braille to give the...

Modeling fluency
Posted by Anna Swenson
Fluency, one of the five areas recognized by the National Reading Panel, is a goal for all beginning readers, whether they use print or braille. We recognize fluency when children read accurately at a normal rate of speed, observe punctuation marks, and use...

Five Little Monkeys pre-braille kit
Posted by Diane Brauner
I have created a number of emerging literacy kits for TVIs to use to help young children to develop pre-braille skills. Each kit includes print/braille books with tactile pictures, real objects, activities, interactive concept alphabet book,extensive...

Image of tennis ball with braille label
Posted by Laurie Hudson
This activity is a way to make braille fun for emergent readers!   I have a collection of about 20 balls...all different sizes and shapes and textures and weights, including a tennis ball, a fuzzy ball, a football, a spiky ball, a bumpy ball, a koosh...

Shared reading of braille texts
Posted by Megan Mogan
By Megan Mogan, Speech-Language Pathologist What is "Adapted Adapted Literacy"? Over the years, you may have noticed a shift in the population of students you serve as TVIs, Speech Therapists, Orientation and Mobility Specialists, etc. ...

An adult helps to hold a young child's hands in place to touch the braille
Posted by Laurie Hudson
Laurie Hudson, the 2012 Braille Institute Braille Challenge Teacher of the Year, shares strategies for teaching braille to our youngest readers.  She believes that young children benefit from an approach to braille that is developmental, meaningful and...