Paths to Literacy

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Braille

Preschool student with her arms out wide
Posted by Jodi Floyd
Systematic building of skills in toddlers and pre-schoolers will facilitate learning to read and write braille in the future! Skills to build include: concepts such as same and different, tactual awareness and perception, and fine motor such as exploring...



A young boy fishes with his TVI.
Posted by Liamsmom
I was 5 months pregnant when my 2 and a half-year-old son Liam (who had typical vision and hearing) was airlifted to a city 5 hours away. He had become severely sick from meningitis.  After months away from home, due to complications from the meningitis...



Hand reading braille
Posted by David Pruitt
When people think dyslexia, they think vision problems.  Dyslexics see letters and numbers backwards if they can read at all.  That’s the common thought, but only one aspect of dyslexia.  Dyslexia is a reading disorder, not a seeing...



A second grade girl using a colored marker
Posted by PennyR
Parents often wonder if their child who has a significant visual impairment should learn braille, print, or both literacy media at the same time.  They also question what role audio materials (e.g., books on CDs or downloaded to a special device) should...



A boy stands at a bus stop.
Posted by Joseph Harrison
Parents and Orientation and Mobility Specialists know that safe and efficient travel with the long white cane is “all about technique.” Awful technique equals awful protection and effective technique equals effective protection. How do we motivate...



A girl places Easter eggs on a grass tray.
Posted by Liz Eagan
Event planning is a great way to incorporate literacy and the Expanded Core Curriculum (ECC) into student-led activities!  While this particular example was done at Easter, there are many opportunities throughout the year to practice reading, writing...



A boy reads a braille book while wearing a Burger King crown
Posted by Liamsmom
I am the mother of two busy boys.  Liam, 8 years old, is deafblind.   Finn, 5 years old, has typical vision and hearing.   I am always very excited when summer finally arrives and I get to spend a lot of quality time with them outdoors. I...



A young girl uses a braillewriter
Posted by PennyR
Editor's Note:  Please note that these free lessons are offered as an introduction to the braille code and are not intended to be complete. These lessons are designed to give families and other individuals who are sighted an understanding...



A student reads a braille passage during the Braille Challenge.
Posted by Scott Baltisberger
In a nation with a large immigrant population, issues regarding bilingual education for learners with visual impairment arise on a regular basis. As children from Latin American backgrounds continue to comprise the majority of students with limited English...



Happy Birthday tag in print and braille
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam recently turned eight years old!  He is a braille reader and every year for his birthday I have made him a birthday book that included pages from friends that have come to his party.  Here are some of the ideas we've done in the past...



Braille Tracking sheet and Feely Meely
Posted by Mary McCarthy
I am currently working with a child who has decreased sensitivity. Below are a few suggestions. I try to keep each activity to five minutes or less and provide lots of praise.   First I had the OT do a sensitivity test and she was able to...



two magnets labeled in print and braille, one says dirty dishes and the other says clean dishes
Posted by Liamsmom
Learning independent living skills starts at home! My son Liam is in second grade and is deafblind.  I continually think of ways that he can help out around the house and do everyday tasks as independently as possible. Of course I think of ways that I...



Cooking pikelets
Posted by Debra Goodsir
I love Paths to Literacy and often use the ideas it presents with my students. I read everything I can, pass it on to other TVIs and class teachers and discuss it with my students. I also love working collegially with creative, enthusiastic classroom...



Object symbols with braille of grocery items
Posted by Liamsmom
I am the mother of two sweet boys.  My oldest, Liam, is 7 years old and is deafblind.  His first language is American Sign Language.   My youngest, Finn, is 4 years old and has typical vision and hearing.  Going to the grocery store...



a group of students under a Braille Challenge banner
Posted by Tracy Fitch
The Braille Challenge hosted by The Braille Institute is an exciting competition of braille skills!  The braille challenge encourages students to hone their braille skills in the hopes of placing first in their level. There are five levels: Apprentice...



Gluing tactile materials onto the page of a book.
Posted by laceyjo22
As an itinerant TVI/COMS for a multi-district special education unit, it can be difficult to provide quality professional development for teachers specifically for students with visual impairments. One area that I felt was necessary to provide training for...



Reading braille labels on can of green beans
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam is 7 years old and is deafblind.  He is a braille reader and as of lately (this school year especially) he has really taken an interest in writing in braille as well!  Below are 10 ways that I try to encourage this new skill at...



A girls with glasses uses a braille writer at a desk in a public school classroom.
Posted by Tracy Fitch
As Teachers of the Visually Impaired one of the major parts of our jobs is to ensure that our students have access to the general education curriculum. This can be difficult throughout a student's school career, and can prove more difficult as the...



Hand-made tactile graphics of a wave
Posted by Tracy Fitch
You've got to think outside of the box!  It's NOT about being pretty!  It's NOT about looking exactly like the print!  It IS about being meaningful!  It IS about being understandable!  Our...



Hands on a braille writer
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
A member of our community asked if we had any activities or resources for teaching braille mechanics to students with Cerebral Palsy (CP) or decreased tactile sensitivity.  We have included tips for both reading and writing braille. There are many...



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